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LONG    LANCE

All of our buckskin clothing was gaily decor-
ated with ermine tails and dyed porcupine quills
or beads. If we were good youngsters and lived
up to the tribal customs and legends, we were
allowed to wear little locks on our heads of badger
hair dyed yellow and red. This was a sign of
distinction among youngsters not yet old enough
to wear the eagle-feather trophies awarded to
those who won distinction on the warpath. For
trousers we wore leggings tied to a belt around
the waist, with no seat In them. Instead of a
'seat3, we wore breech-cloths between our legs,
which were drawn through the belts so that they
would hang down In front and behind. And
over the whole we wore buckskin shirts, which
were beautifully worked with coloured porcupine
quills or beads.

We had no matches in those days; so we had to
make our fires by striking white Indian flint or
by filling a piece of buckskin with dry, rotten
wood or tree-canker—touchwood—and then rub-
bing it up and down a sinew bow-string until it
got hot and started an ember in the touchwood.
We had a professional 'fire-man' with the tribe, a
man whose business it was to carry fire with him
from camp to camp and sell It to the members of
the tribe when they got ready to make their fires.
He carried the fire in a hollow birch log about
two feet long* He would start an ember and

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